Posted on 12-11-2017
Glaucoma is a disease of both pets and people that occurs from an increase in pressure within the eyeball resulting in pain and blindness. Glaucoma is treated with drugs, surgery, or in some cases a combination of therapies. While some animals will develop glaucoma due to a genetic predisposition (hereditary), others will develop this condition secondary to eye infections, inflammation of the eye, trauma to the eye, or from cataracts. Some breeds are more likely to develop glaucoma than others including Shih Tzus, Cocker Spaniels, Arctic Breeds, Boston Terriers, and Bulldogs.
Since glaucoma may affect only one eye initially, most owners will not notice blindness as the unaffected eye will compensate for vision loss. In some cases, owners may notice that the pet's eye is bulging, red, tearing or squinting. By the time animals present with advanced visual signs of glaucoma (large bulging eye) it is often too late to save the eye and at this point, an enucleation (surgical removal of the eye) may be the only treatment option.
There is only one way to diagnose glaucoma early enough so that there might be time to treat the eye and hopefully prolong vision. It is by using a small device called a tonometer that measures pressure within your pet’s eye. Tonometry can be done in our office and only takes a minute or two. Checking eye pressure in your pet is not painful, and anesthesia is not required.
It is recommended that tonometry is performed yearly in high-risk breeds, in animals with cataracts, and in most animals presenting for eye problems. The earlier the disease is detected, the better the chance of maintaining a visual eye. The time to have your pet's eyes evaluated has never been better-call us today!
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